Fisheries reports and stock statistics
Fisheries New Zealand reports on the status of fish stocks and fisheries in New Zealand waters.
Annual stock assessment
Each year, we assess the status of as many fish stocks and fisheries as possible against the requirements of the Harvest Strategy Standard for New Zealand Fisheries.
Read the Status of New Zealand's Fisheries 2017 report [PDF, 2.3 MB]
Find out more
- Guidelines for the release of fisheries information [PDF, 359 KB]
- The Harvest Strategy Standard for New Zealand Fisheries 2008 [PDF, 309 KB]
- New Zealand's Quota Management System
- Detailed stock status information for individual stocks
Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Annual Review
Aquatic Environment & Biodiversity Reports (AEBR)
Alestra, T.; Gerrity, S.; Dunmore, R.A.; Marsden, I.; Pirker, J.; Schiel, D.R. (2019). Rocky reef impacts of the Kaikōura earthquake: quantification and monitoring of nearshore habitats and communities.
New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 212. 120 p.
Surveys along 130 km of coastline in the first sixteen months following the Kaikōura earthquake showed significant damage to intertidal benthic communities at all sites. Subtidal communities were impacted only at sites with uplift greater than 2 m. Taonga species such as paua and bull kelp were still present at most sites and showing signs of post-earthquake recruitment. This information provides a key baseline for management decisions and new research into long-term trajectories of recovery.
This assessment presents bycatch estimates of seabirds in commercial trawl and longline fisheries in New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone. The estimation relied on statistical models that used fishing effort and observer data up to the 2015–16 fishing year. Estimates for the latter fishing year included a total of 4517 (95% credible interval: 3760–5825) seabird captures in trawl and longline fisheries in New Zealand waters.
This report summaries annual estimates of bycatch levels of individual fish and invertebrate species in the trawl fisheries for arrow squid, hoki/hake/ling, southern blue whiting, jack mackerel, orange roughy, oreo, scampi, and the longline fishery for ling from 1990–91 to 2016–17. Total annual bycatch was estimated using a statistical model method, replacing a ratio estimator-based method used in previous iterations of this work.
A reassessment of population size and trends of Hutton’s shearwater following the 2016 Kaikōura earthquake and outlook for the species’ management.
The main breeding population of New Zealand (NZ) sea lions (Otariidae: Phocarctos hookeri) at the Auckland Islands has declined by about 50% since the late-1990s. This population displays numerous indicators of nutritional stress, but the precise mechanisms of this stress (e.g., essential prey species and changes in their availability to NZ sea lions) remain poorly understood. This precludes a meaningful assessment of the effects of environmental change or indirect fishery effects on NZ sea lion populations.
A data driven bioregionalisation to underpin shellfish fisheries restoration, Nelson Bays, New Zealand
The accuracy of at-sea identification of six species of deepsea sharks by MPI observers was determined by NIWA using photographs taken at the time of sampling. DNA barcoding analysis was also used to identify specimens that lacked photographs, using muscle tissues taken by the observers from each shark specimen. The six species sampled in the study were:
• Seal shark Dalatias licha, BSH
• Leafscale gulper shark Centrophorus squamosus, CSQ
• Owston’s dogfish Centroscymnus owstonii, CYO
• Longnose velvet dogfish Centroselachus crepidater, CYP
• Baxter’s lantern dogfish Etmopterus granulosus, ETB
• Plunket’s shark Proscymnodon plunketi, PLS
Data from two surveys to characterise biogenic habitats identified through Local Ecological Knowledge interviews are reported. The results demonstrate that New Zealand’s continental shelf supports a diverse range of habitats and species, many of which have not yet been formally described by science. At selected sites, the key habitat-forming species were identified, and the invertebrate species composition and associated fish communities described over localized spatial scales, and depth ranges.
The bottom-contacting deepwater Tier 1 and Tier 2 target fishstock footprint for 1990–2016 was estimated at 335 812 km2. This represents 8.2% of the Territorial Sea and EEZ seafloor area and 24% of the seafloor open to fishing, down to 1600 m. Tier 1 fisheries accounted for 93%, with hoki effort contributing 50%. The 2016 footprint covered 44 261 km2, 76 km2 of which was not contacted during 1990–2015. The aggregated swept area was 3.07 million km2 for 1990–2016 and 78 372 km2 for 2016.
CatchMapper provides heat maps and spatial estimates of catch and effort anywhere in the EEZ for all types of commercial fishing except eel fishing. This report describes the fishing represented in CatchMapper from October 2007 to September 2016 as well as the procedures for building polygons for fishing events, apportioning trip landings to each event polygon, and the range of ways the values of each polygon can be classified, pooled, and cut into spatial catch estimates and maps.
This report summarises bycatch and discards of fish and invertebrates in New Zealand arrow squid and scampi trawl fisheries for 2002–03 to 2015–16, based on analysis of fisheries observer and commercial catch effort data. Barracouta, silver warehou, and spiny dogfish were the main bycatch species in the arrow squid fishery, with total annual bycatch of 9000–40000 t and discards of 1000–16000 t. Javelinfish, other rattails, and sea perch were the main bycatch species in the scampi fishery, with total annual bycatch of 2400–5600 t and discards of 900–4100 t.
Research on black petrel at Little Barrier and Great Barrier Island in the 2016/17 breeding season followed 448 black petrel study burrows; of these 65% were occupied by breeding pairs and breeding success was 68%. Annually adult survival was 95%. Passive acoustic monitoring confirmed black petrels are concentrated within the summit ridges on Little Barrier Island and the Mt Hobson area on Great Barrier Island. Satellite GPS devices tracked 3 fledglings following an eastward migration route.
In New Zealand, captures of seabirds and other protected species are recorded by government observers when they are on-board commercial fishing vessels. This report addresses the question of how many seabirds would be reported caught if every commercial trawl and longline vessel fishing within New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone carried an observer. Statistical models were used to scale up from observed captures, to estimate total captures across all commercial trawl and longline fisheries. Estimates were made for the 2002–03 to 2014–15 fishing years for trawl fisheries, and for the 1998–99 to 2014–15 fishing years for longline fisheries.
The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) is developing a risk assessment framework to identify the nature and extent of risks to chondrichthyan populations. This project aims to fill some of the knowledge gaps for some of the high-risk, non-Quota Management System species to reduce the level of uncertainty in the risk assessments of those species, and to provide information on their productivity that can then be used as inputs into future quantitative risk assessments. The species included in this study were seal shark (Dalatias licha), Owston’s dogfish (Centroscymnus owstonii), longnose velvet dogfish (Centroselachus crepidater), and Plunket’s shark (Scymnodon plunketi). Specimens and data were collected aboard commercial fishing vessels and research vessels, and integrated with existing data and specimens held by NIWA.
Age and growth were estimated for carpet shark, common electric ray and blind electric ray from growth increments on their vertebrae and eye lenses. All three species grow moderately fast, and longevity is low to moderate compared with other elasmobranchs. Length and age at maturity, length at birth/hatching, and litter size were estimated. The length of the gestation period, and whether females have a resting period between pregnancies, are poorly known.